Biodiversity Conservation in terrestrial, marine and aquatic environments.


I have found many organizations in the world including the government and non-government agencies that providing some information about biodiversity conservation in terrestrial, marine and aquatic environments. Some of them have the same needs or the same point of view to conserve what they really love about, such as the aquatic warbler.

The Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola is the rarest and the only globally threatened passerine bird found in mainland Europe. The species is classified as Vulnerable at global level and is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. At the European level it is classified as Endangered. It is also included into Annex I of the EU Wild Birds Directive, in Appendix II of the Bern Convention and in Appendix I of the Bonn Convention.

The Aquatic Warbler regularly breeds in Belarus, Germany, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine (irregularly in Russia and Latvia), with major populations in Belarus, Ukraine, and Poland. The breeding distribution is fragmented because of habitat constraints. The species became extinct in Western Europe during the 20th century and has declined dramatically in central Europe. It formerly bred in France, Belgium, Netherlands, former West Germany, former Czechoslovakia, former Yugoslavia, Austria and Italy.

Another marine conservation society is The Australian Marine Conservation Society (AMCS). AMCS works strategically, with our supporters across Australia and over the sea, on the big issues facing our oceans. Our key focus is to create large marine national parks (marine sanctuaries), make our fisheries sustainable and protect and recover our threatened ocean wildlife. We also work to protect our precious coasts from inappropriate development and to reverse human induced climate change. Their core work focuses on:

  • Creating more marine national parks (marine sanctuaries)
  • Addressing and reversing overfishing
  • Protecting Australia’s ocean wildlife and their homes
  • Protecting and recovering threatened marine species
  • Ensuring that society’s use of marine natural resources is sustainable
  • Educating and advocating against human induced climate change
  • Promoting the reduction of pollution and marine debris
  • Inspiring and empowering local communities
  • Using the best possible science to advocate for best practice
  • Providing Australians with the Sustainable Seafood Guide which enables them to choose their seafood responsibly
  • Addressing unsustainable and inappropriate coastal development

AMCS receives minimal government funding. As a registered charity all donations over $2 are tax deductible. Their national office is situated in Brisbane, Queensland, on the shores of Moreton Bay Marine Park. They also have a regional office in Darwin, Northern Territory and active supporter networks around the country.

  • They use credible science, dedication and passion to advocate for healthier oceans
  • They work to create legislative and policy change so that our oceans are better managed
  • They use information and inspiration to harness civic passion to make governments protect our seas
  • They are “voices of the sea” on international, national and state/territory advisory committees
  • They form partnerships with conservationists and other stakeholders to affect change
  • They actively support marine research that helps us better understand our oceans
  • They communicate our key messages to the broader community through the public media
  • They organize and present at key conferences and workshops.

In all of their campaigns, AMCS works on behalf of the public to protect their precious ocean wildlife.

One other organizations in ASEAN also promoting biodiversity conservations project with their ASEAN for BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION (ABC) – Conserve Biodiversity, Save Humanity. Their core strategic goals and objectives are to realize the vision, mission and mandate, the ASEAN Centre for clip_image002Biodiversity shall have the following core strategic goals:

  • Facilitate coordination. Serve as an effective coordinative body to facilitate discussion and resolution of cross-country biodiversity clip_image002[1]Conservation issues;
  • Information sharing and access. Provide a framework and mechanism for sharing information, experiences, best practices and lessons learned for the efficient access of ASEAN Member States;
  • Monitoring and assessment. Implement a proactive approach in monitoring and assessing biodiversity conservation status as a strategic approach towards identifying critical issues and future trends;
  • Enhance capacity building. Deliver/facilitate conduct of capacity-building services and technology transfer through engaging relevant and appropriate expertise;
  • Develop mechanism for reaching common understanding of issues. Enhance common understanding of biodiversity conservation issues strengthening ASEAN regional positions in negotiation and in compliance with relevant multilateral agreements;
  • Promote public awareness. Promote regional public awareness to develop champions and enhance support at different stakeholder levels on biodiversity concerns; and

· Resource generation and mobilization. Undertake innovative resource generation and mobilization measures to pursue impact activities that will enhance biodiversity conservation in the region.

Traditionally, systematic conservation planning has focused on representation of biodiversity patterns, such as communities, landscapes and species, without explicitly focusing on the ecological and evolutionary processes that underpin these patterns. Conserving the processes that maintain natural ecosystems often means having to secure larger areas for conservation, than would otherwise be necessary to conserve biodiversity patterns.

Methods for incorporating these new principles into conservation planning have been developed recently, focussing on terrestrial environments. In this project, these steps have been taken further, by attempting to integrate the traditional (terrestrial) planning approaches with information from aquatic (freshwater, marine and estuarine) environments to provide a fully integrated conservation plan. To the best of our knowledge, this has not been achieved before. The seven steps in the GAENP conservation planning process, designed to achieve the broad conservation goal shown in Box 2, are described below.

1. Identify biodiversity pattern.

2. Identify process that maintain biodiversity

3. Identify types, patterns and rates of threatening the processes

4. Set the quantitative targets

5. Identifications of the options for reaching the targets

6. Locate and design potential conservation areas

7. Prioritising additional conservation areas selected in C-Plan






3 thoughts on “Biodiversity Conservation in terrestrial, marine and aquatic environments.

  1. I do accept as true with all the ideas you’ve offered to your post. They’re really convincing and will definitely work.

    Nonetheless, the posts are very short for newbies. Could
    you please extend them a little from next time?
    Thanks for the post.

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