Will Smart Machine Create a World without Work?

Paul Wiseman and Bernard Condon, The Associated Press, Washington | World | Fri, January 25 2013, 12:22 PM

They seem right out of a Hollywood fantasy, and they are: Cars that drive themselves have appeared in movies like “I, Robot” and the television show “Knight Rider.”

Now, three years after Google invented one, automated cars could be on their way to a freeway near you. In the US, California and other states are rewriting the rules of the road to make way for driverless cars. Just one problem: What happens to the millions of people who make a living driving cars and trucks —jobs that always have seemed sheltered from the onslaught of technology?

“All those jobs are going to disappear in the next 25 years,” predicts Moshe Vardi, a computer scientist at Rice University in Houston. “Driving by people will look quaint; it will look like a horse and buggy.”

If automation can unseat bus drivers, urban deliverymen, long-haul truckers, even cabbies, is any job safe?

Vardi poses an equally scary question: “Are we prepared for an economy in which 50 percent of people aren’t working?”
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Pakar : Tomcat tidak berbahaya bagi manusia

Bogor: Pakar entomologi (ilmu tentang serangga) Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB) Aunu Rauf, mengatakan serangga tomcat tidak berbahaya bagi manusia. “Serangga tomcat ini lebih banyak manfaatnya dari pada mudarotnya. Karena dia merupakan sahabat manusia dalam mengendalikan hama wereng coklat,” kata Rauf saat ditemui di kediamannya di Bogor Baru Kota Bogor, Selasa (20/3) kemarin. Dia mengatakan, serangga tersebut tidak akan menyerang manusia selama dirinya tidak diganggu. Karena serangga tersebut akan mengeluarkan racunnya bila ia merasa terancam.

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Tomcat – The New Indonesian Plague

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Kl ada yg kena Tomcat, cepet cuci air bersih, kasih salep hydrocortisone 1% or Salep betametasone+antibiotik neomycin sulfat-3xsehari or Salep Acyclovir 5%.

Binatangnya kyk kalajengking tp kecil pnjang warna merah belang hitam.. Kl digigit jadinya kyk herpes merah dan tengahnya bernanah diameter 2cm dan terus membesar bila tidak di tanggulangi
Surabaya sdg diserang binatang ini.. Korbannya sdh ratusan, apartemen jg kena .. Binatangnya kecil dan bisa loncat-loncat.

Nama Hewan ini adalah KUMBANG ROVE. Kumbang Rove atau lebih dikenali juga dengan nama daerah Semut Semai, Semut Kayap atau Charlie. Kumbang ini mempunyai ukuran kurang daripada 1 cm panjang. Badannya berwarna kuning gelap di bagian atas, bawah abdomen dan kepala berwarna gelap. Bagian tengah abdomen yang berwarna hijau tua mempunyai sepasang sayap keras.

Biasanya, kumbang ini kelihatan merangkak di kawasan sekeliling dengan menyembunyikan sayapnya dan dalam sekali pandang ia lebih menyerupai semut. Apabila diganggu kumbang ini akan menaikkan bahagian abdomen supaya kelihatan seperti kala jengking untuk menakutkan
musuh.

Yang Menyebabkan Reaksi Kulit Kumbang ini tidak menyengat atau menggigit. Cairan hemolimf yang terdapat di dalam badan (kecuali sayap) kumbang ini mengandungi racun sentuhan hewan yang paling berbisa di dunia. Toksin ini dikenali sebagai ‘paederin’ (C24 H43 O9 N) dinamakan dalam tahun 1953. Cairan ini disinyalir 12x lebih mematikan dari bisa ular kobra.

Tomcat otomatis akan mengeluarkan cairan apabila terjadi sentuhan atau benturan dengan kulit manusia secara langsung. Bisa juga dengan sentuhan tidak langsung melalui handuk, baju atau alat lain yang tercemar oleh racun tomcat tersebut. Itu sebabnya, jika sudah terkena dermatitis otomatis seperti seprei dan uba rampe-nya, handuk maupun alat-alat yang disinyalir terkena racun tomcat harus dibersihkan.
Bersentuhan dengan kumbang ini saat merayap atau tidur, menghancurkannya pada badan atau mengosok dengan jari yang kotor akan menyebabkan konjunktivitis dan penyakit kulit yang teruk yang dikenali sebagai ‘dermatitis linearis’, ‘paederus (kumbang rove/ staphylinidae) dermatitis’.

Credit To :
Mami & Kak Cherry

Why is Biodiversity Important?

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play.

For example,

And so, while we dominate this planet, we still need to preserve the diversity in wildlife.

A healthy biodiversity offers many natural services

Ecosystems such as the Amazon rainforest are rich in diversity. Deforestation threatens many species such as the giant leaf frog, shown here. (Images source: Wikipedia)

A healthy biodiversity provides a number of natural services for everyone:

  • Ecosystem services, such as
    • Protection of water resources
    • Soils formation and protection
    • Nutrient storage and recycling
    • Pollution breakdown and absorption
    • Contribution to climate stability
    • Maintenance of ecosystems
    • Recovery from unpredictable events
  • Biological resources, such as
    • Food
    • Medicinal resources and pharmaceutical drugs
    • Wood products
    • Ornamental plants
    • Breeding stocks, population reservoirs
    • Future resources
    • Diversity in genes, species and ecosystems
  • Social benefits, such as
    • Research, education and monitoring
    • Recreation and tourism
    • Cultural values

That is quite a lot of services we get for free! Continue reading

What is Sustainable Agriculture?

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Agriculture has changed dramatically, especially since the end of World War II. Food and fiber productivity soared due to new technologies, mechanization, increased chemical use, specialization and government policies that favored maximizing production. These changes allowed fewer farmers with reduced labor demands to produce the majority of the food and fiber in the U.S.

Although these changes have had many positive effects and reduced many risks in farming, there have also been significant costs.Prominent among these are topsoil depletion, groundwater contamination, the decline of family farms, continued neglect of the living and working conditions for farm laborers, increasing costs of production, and the disintegration of economic and social conditions in rural communities.

A growing movement has emerged during the past two decades to question the role of the agricultural establishment in promoting practices that contribute to these social problems. Today this movement for sustainable agriculture is garnering increasing support and acceptance within mainstream agriculture. Not only does sustainable agriculture address many environmental and social concerns, but it offers innovative and economically viable opportunities for growers, laborers, consumers, policymakers and many others in the entire food system.

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Biodiversity Conservation in terrestrial, marine and aquatic environments.

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I have found many organizations in the world including the government and non-government agencies that providing some information about biodiversity conservation in terrestrial, marine and aquatic environments. Some of them have the same needs or the same point of view to conserve what they really love about, such as the aquatic warbler.

The Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola is the rarest and the only globally threatened passerine bird found in mainland Europe. The species is classified as Vulnerable at global level and is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. At the European level it is classified as Endangered. It is also included into Annex I of the EU Wild Birds Directive, in Appendix II of the Bern Convention and in Appendix I of the Bonn Convention.

The Aquatic Warbler regularly breeds in Belarus, Germany, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine (irregularly in Russia and Latvia), with major populations in Belarus, Ukraine, and Poland. The breeding distribution is fragmented because of habitat constraints. The species became extinct in Western Europe during the 20th century and has declined dramatically in central Europe. It formerly bred in France, Belgium, Netherlands, former West Germany, former Czechoslovakia, former Yugoslavia, Austria and Italy. Continue reading