5 Signs That Your Body Is Starving For Vitamins

man tired exercise runningWhen your body is trying to tell you something—for example, that you’re skimping on critical vitamins—it may go to some strange lengths.

“With today’s diet of processed foods, it’s easy to become vitamin-deficient, either by not eating enough of the right foods or not absorbing them properly due to digestive issues,” says Dr. Susan Blum, the founder of the Blum centre for Health and the author of the new book The Immune System Recovery Plan.

“You may not get a disease, but you can end up with impaired functioning, because vitamins are cofactors for all the biochemical reactions in the body. We need them in order to function properly.”

That impaired functioning can sometimes manifest in mysterious ways.

Here are five unusual warning signs that you may be vitamin-deficient. 

The good news: Most are fixable with dietary tweaks—all the more reason to make nutrition a top priority. But if food cures don’t work, be sure to check in with your doctor.

Body Cue No. 1: Cracks at the corners of your mouth.

The Deficiency: Iron, zinc, and B vitamins like niacin (B3), riboflavin (B2), and B12. “It’s common if you’re a vegetarian to not get enough iron, zinc, and B12,” Blum says. Ditto if you’re skimping on essential immunity-building protein due to dieting.

The Fix: Eat more poultry, salmon, tuna, eggs, oysters, clams, sun-dried tomatoes, Swiss chard, tahini, peanuts, and legumes like lentils. Iron absorption is enhanced by vitamin C, which also helps fight infection, so combine these foods with veggies like broccoli, red bell peppers, kale, and cauliflower.

• • •Body Cue No. 2: A red, scaly rash on your face (and sometimes elsewhere) and hair loss.

The Deficiency: Biotin (B7), known as the hair vitamin. While your body stores fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K), it doesn’t store most B vitamins, which are water-soluble. Body builders take note: Eating raw eggs makes you vulnerable, because a protein in raw eggs called avidin inhibits the body’s ability to absorb biotin.

The Fix: Reach for more cooked eggs (cooking deactivates avidin), salmon, avocados, mushrooms, cauliflower, soybeans, nuts, raspberries, and bananas.

• • •Body Cue No. 3: Red or white acnelike bumps, typically on the cheeks, arms, thighs, and butt.

The Deficiency: Essential fatty acids and vitamins A and D.

The Fix: Skimp on saturated fat and trans fats, which you should be doing anyway, and increase healthy fats. Focus on adding more salmon and sardines, nuts like walnuts and almonds, and seeds like ground flax, hemp, and chia. For vitamin A, pile on leafy greens and colourful veggies like carrots, sweet potatoes, and red bell peppers. “This provides beta carotene, a precursor to vitamin A, which your body will use to make vitamin A,” Blum says. “For vitamin D, though, I recommend a supplement—2,000 IU a day in one that also contains vitamins A and K, which help with D absorption.”

• • •Body Cue No. 4: Tingling, prickling, and numbness in hands, feet, or elsewhere.

The Deficiency: B vitamins like folate (B9), B6, and B12. “It’s a problem directly related to the peripheral nerves and where they end in the skin,” says Blum, noting that these symptoms can be combined with anxiety, depression, anemia, fatigue, and hormone imbalances.

The Fix: Seek out spinach, asparagus, beets, beans (pinto, black, kidney, lima), eggs, octopus, mussels, clams, oysters, and poultry.

• • •Body Cue No. 5: Crazy muscle cramps in the form of stabbing pains in toes, calves, arches of feet, and backs of legs.

The Deficiency: Magnesium, calcium, and potassium. “If it’s happening frequently, it’s a tip-off that you’re lacking in these,” Blum says. And if you’re training hard, you can lose more minerals (and water-soluble B vitamins) through heavy sweating.

The Fix: Eat more bananas, almonds, hazelnuts, squash, cherries, apples, grapefruit, broccoli, bok choy, and dark leafy greens like kale, spinach, and dandelion.

Grocery Shopping Tips


You are what you eat, so it only makes sense that you think before you do and even before that – plan and shop smart. Hunt for your food like a pro! Healthy grocery shopping is a skill and once you master it, it’ll help you make better eating choices, naturally. Here are some tips on how to get the maximum out of your shopping budget, get the best and get into eating better effortlessly. 

Never go grocery shopping on an empty or a full stomach. 

When you are hungry you are likely to make snap decisions and pick all the wrong things, quick meals and sweets instead of real food. Even someone with the best intentions will be tempted with a pie when the hunger pangs kick in. The complete opposite happens when you go shopping when you have just eaten, you suddenly think you can survive on a few lettuce leaves and some water and end up not buying enough food for the week. Have a snack before you go, a banana or a small yoghurt, or, if you have eaten, wait a little before you go so you can think clearly about what you’re buying.  

Buy real fresh food. 

If it’s been processed it’s not great for you. It’s been designed to look attractive and taste good but it’s probably high in preservatives, sugar and salt and has been through so much processing already it may just as well have been eaten at least once before. And it’s all a trick anyway, you are not saving anything by buying processed food and ready meals – neither time nor money, but you do lose out on the quality. 

Get meat cuts and fish, whole fresh vegetables and fruit, grains, eggs and plain yoghurts. You can do wonders in the kitchen in under 15-20 minutes if your fridge is stocked with these. 

If you have to buy ready meals use a simple rule: the shorter the list of the additives they contain on the packaging – the better it is for you.  Continue reading

10 Mind-Blowing Theories That Will Change Your Perception of the World

Reality is not as obvious and simple as we like to think. Some of the things that we accept as true at face value are notoriously wrong. Scientists and philosophers have made every effort to change our common perceptions of it. The 10 examples below will show you what I mean.

1. Great glaciation.
Great glaciation is the theory of the final state that our universe is heading toward. The universe has a limited supply of energy. According to this theory, when that energy finally runs out, the universe will devolve into a frozen state. Heat energy produced by the motion of the particles, heat loss, a natural law of the universe, means that eventually this particle motion will slow down and, presumably, one day everything will stop.

2. Solipsism.
Solipsism is a philosophical theory, which asserts that nothing exists but the individual’s consciousness. At first it seems silly – and who generally got it into his head completely deny the existence of the world around us? Except when you put your mind to it, it really is impossible to verify anything but your own consciousness.

Don’t you believe me? Think a moment and think of all the possible dreams that you have experienced in your life. Is it not possible that everything around you is nothing but an incredibly intricate dream? But we have people and things around us that we cannot doubt, because we can hear, see, smell, taste and feel them, right? Yes, and no. People who take LSD, for example, say that they can touch the most convincing hallucinations, but we do not claim that their visions are “reality”. Your dreams simulate sensations as well, after all, what you perceive is what different sections of your brain tell you to.

As a result, which parts of existence can we not doubt? None. Not the chicken we ate for dinner or the keyboard beneath our fingers. Each of us can only be sure in his own thoughts.

3. Idealist Philosophy
George Berkeley, the father of Idealism, argued that everything exists as an idea in someone’s mind. Berkley discovered that some of his comrades considered his theory stupid. The story goes that one of his detractors kicked a stone with his eyes closed and said, “There I’ve disproved it!”

The idea being that if the stone really only exists in his imagination, he could not have kicked it with his eyes closed. Refutation of Berkeley is hard to understand, especially in these days. He argued that there is an omnipotent and omnipresent God, who sees all and all at once. Realistic, or not? Continue reading

Will Smart Machine Create a World without Work?

Paul Wiseman and Bernard Condon, The Associated Press, Washington | World | Fri, January 25 2013, 12:22 PM

They seem right out of a Hollywood fantasy, and they are: Cars that drive themselves have appeared in movies like “I, Robot” and the television show “Knight Rider.”

Now, three years after Google invented one, automated cars could be on their way to a freeway near you. In the US, California and other states are rewriting the rules of the road to make way for driverless cars. Just one problem: What happens to the millions of people who make a living driving cars and trucks —jobs that always have seemed sheltered from the onslaught of technology?

“All those jobs are going to disappear in the next 25 years,” predicts Moshe Vardi, a computer scientist at Rice University in Houston. “Driving by people will look quaint; it will look like a horse and buggy.”

If automation can unseat bus drivers, urban deliverymen, long-haul truckers, even cabbies, is any job safe?

Vardi poses an equally scary question: “Are we prepared for an economy in which 50 percent of people aren’t working?”
Continue reading

How A Hangover Works

“What actually causes hangovers? If alcohol is metabolized after a few hours, why do I still feel crummy the next day?”

Alcohol Affect Body

If the data is any indication, at least 75 percent of youwill recognize this feeling: a throbbing headache, exhaustion, queasiness and even muscle fatigue following a night of overindulging. But what is it about drinking alcohol that causes such discomfort?

The cause is a combination of factors, but primarily one: dehydration.

“Alcohol is a diuretic, so you end up losing water. And the dehydration effect is probably the most severe contributor to hangover,” says Dr. Gary Murray, the program director for the Division of Metabolism and Health Effects of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

The more you drink and the higher the concentration of alcohol in the drinks you choose, the more dehydrated you’re going to be. According to an overview of the research, that’s because alcohol suppresses the release of the hormone vasopressin, which normally repurposes water released by the kidneys back into the body. With the absence of vasopressin, that water is marked for the bladder and eliminated. Alcohol also causes inflammation of the stomach lining, which can cause diarrhea — another dehydrating condition.

Continue reading

Tips Perawatan Ban Mobil

10 tips perawatan ban mobil :

1. Jangan menunggu hingga ban rusak. Biasakan untuk selalu memeriksa tekanan ban mobil anda, paling sedikit sekali sebulan dan terutama sebelum melakukan perjalanan jarak jauh. Ban dengan tekanan yang kurang memadai akan menyebabkan ban mudah panas karena gesekan yang besar dengan aspal, sehingga ban cepat aus dan bisa membahayakan keselamatan mengemudi.

2. Anda harus hapal dengan tekanan yang proporsional dari ban mobil Anda. Ukuran tekanan ban yang pas bisa dilihat pada stiker yang menempel di bagian dalam dari pintu kendaraan Anda, atau pada buku petunjuk pemilik kendaraan.

3. Untuk pengukuran yang valid terhadap tekanan ban mobil Anda, periksalah ban saat suhu mereka dingin. Jika mobil Anda habis menempuh perjalanan jauh, tunggulah kurang lebih tiga jam.

4. Lakukan pemeriksaan berkala, paling tidak sebulan sekali dan jagalah agar ukuran tekanan ban mobil Anda selalu pada batasan yang proporsional. Sehingga mobil Anda siap untuk digunakan, jika sewaktu-waktu Anda butuhkan.

5. Uang koin bisa digunakan sebagai alat penunjuk bahwa ban mobil Anda telah gundul. Letakkan uang koin di tapak ban mobil Anda. Jika Anda bisa melihat seluruh gambar uang koin tersebut, maka saatnya bagi mobil Anda untuk ganti ban.

6. Jagalah ban mobil Anda dari lobang di jalan. Sebab lobang yang terlalu besar tak hanya bisa merusak ban mobil Anda, melainkan juga akan mengganggu keseimbangan atau balance dari ban mobil.

7. Buatlah jadwal. Pastikan Anda menukarkan ban mobil Anda antara yang di depan dengan yang di belakang tiap 6000 mil, agar menyeragamkan kondisi seluruh ban dan mempertahankan masa pakai ban lebih lama.

8. Jangan mengendarai mobil dengan ban yang tanpa penutup pentilnya. Mengemudikan mobil dengan ban tanpa penutup pentil bisa jadi menyebabkan kebocoran udara dari dalam ban dan bisa mengakibatkan ban kekurangan tekanan.

9. Periksalah keseimbangan atau balance dari ban mobil Anda secara periodik, untuk menghindari putaran ban yang tak stabil.

10. Perhitungkan bobot yang harus dimuat oleh mobil Anda. Jika muatan melebihi kapasitas maksimal dapat menimbulkan tekanan yang berlebih pada ban mobil Anda dan itu bisa sangat membahayakan.

Pakar : Tomcat tidak berbahaya bagi manusia

Bogor: Pakar entomologi (ilmu tentang serangga) Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB) Aunu Rauf, mengatakan serangga tomcat tidak berbahaya bagi manusia. “Serangga tomcat ini lebih banyak manfaatnya dari pada mudarotnya. Karena dia merupakan sahabat manusia dalam mengendalikan hama wereng coklat,” kata Rauf saat ditemui di kediamannya di Bogor Baru Kota Bogor, Selasa (20/3) kemarin. Dia mengatakan, serangga tersebut tidak akan menyerang manusia selama dirinya tidak diganggu. Karena serangga tersebut akan mengeluarkan racunnya bila ia merasa terancam.

Continue reading

My Idiot Brother

Oleh: Agnesdavonar | 23 February 2012 | 13:26 WIB


” Ketika tidak ada lagi cara untuk mencari kebahagiaan maka kita hanya memiliki satu pilihan untuk mengorbankan apa yang kita sebut kebencian, sebab hanya dengan itulah kebahagiaan akan terlahir disamping kita ” Agnes Davonar

Sebenarnya apa sih arti kebahagiaan. Buat gua, kebahagian itu dilihat dari siapa saja yang ada di sekitar kita. Buat gua, kebahagiaan itu. Seharusnya dalam hidup gua, hanya ada orang-orang yang berarti. Tapi, sayangnya kebahagiaan yang gua miliki rasanya dikotorin oleh pikiran gua sendiri. Alkisah, gua punya keluarga lengkap, ayah, ibu dan seorang kakak laki-laki. Tapi kakak laki-laki gua ini sangat berbeda. Dia seperti penghalang kebahagiaan dalam hidup gua, bukan karena dia pinter ataupun bisa merebut kasih sayang orang tua gua. Tapi karena dia idiot. tapi dari dia, gua belajar akan satu hal, satu hal yang mengajarkan bahwa dialah malaikat dalam hidup gua yang berwujub manusia

Idiot dalam arti kata bego, cacat dan bikin malu gua sebagai adik. Ga ada yang bisa gua banggakan dari dia, umurnya uda 5 tahun lebih tua dari gua, tapi begonya seperti 10 tahun lebih mudah dari gua. Gua gak heran, nyokap sampai harus rela nunda kelahiran gua 5 tahun kemudian, hanya demi merawat dia. Dalam bahasa kedokteran, dia itu kena sindrom Down yang bikin otak dia itu bego. Ga penting apa penyakit yang dia bawa sejak lahir, seharusnya dia itu ga pernah ada aja, karena menurut gua, dia itu hanya bikin malu gua.

Continue reading

Tomcat – The New Indonesian Plague


Kl ada yg kena Tomcat, cepet cuci air bersih, kasih salep hydrocortisone 1% or Salep betametasone+antibiotik neomycin sulfat-3xsehari or Salep Acyclovir 5%.

Binatangnya kyk kalajengking tp kecil pnjang warna merah belang hitam.. Kl digigit jadinya kyk herpes merah dan tengahnya bernanah diameter 2cm dan terus membesar bila tidak di tanggulangi
Surabaya sdg diserang binatang ini.. Korbannya sdh ratusan, apartemen jg kena .. Binatangnya kecil dan bisa loncat-loncat.

Nama Hewan ini adalah KUMBANG ROVE. Kumbang Rove atau lebih dikenali juga dengan nama daerah Semut Semai, Semut Kayap atau Charlie. Kumbang ini mempunyai ukuran kurang daripada 1 cm panjang. Badannya berwarna kuning gelap di bagian atas, bawah abdomen dan kepala berwarna gelap. Bagian tengah abdomen yang berwarna hijau tua mempunyai sepasang sayap keras.

Biasanya, kumbang ini kelihatan merangkak di kawasan sekeliling dengan menyembunyikan sayapnya dan dalam sekali pandang ia lebih menyerupai semut. Apabila diganggu kumbang ini akan menaikkan bahagian abdomen supaya kelihatan seperti kala jengking untuk menakutkan

Yang Menyebabkan Reaksi Kulit Kumbang ini tidak menyengat atau menggigit. Cairan hemolimf yang terdapat di dalam badan (kecuali sayap) kumbang ini mengandungi racun sentuhan hewan yang paling berbisa di dunia. Toksin ini dikenali sebagai ‘paederin’ (C24 H43 O9 N) dinamakan dalam tahun 1953. Cairan ini disinyalir 12x lebih mematikan dari bisa ular kobra.

Tomcat otomatis akan mengeluarkan cairan apabila terjadi sentuhan atau benturan dengan kulit manusia secara langsung. Bisa juga dengan sentuhan tidak langsung melalui handuk, baju atau alat lain yang tercemar oleh racun tomcat tersebut. Itu sebabnya, jika sudah terkena dermatitis otomatis seperti seprei dan uba rampe-nya, handuk maupun alat-alat yang disinyalir terkena racun tomcat harus dibersihkan.
Bersentuhan dengan kumbang ini saat merayap atau tidur, menghancurkannya pada badan atau mengosok dengan jari yang kotor akan menyebabkan konjunktivitis dan penyakit kulit yang teruk yang dikenali sebagai ‘dermatitis linearis’, ‘paederus (kumbang rove/ staphylinidae) dermatitis’.

Credit To :
Mami & Kak Cherry

Range Rover Evoque

Range Rover Evoque has opened my eyes to the beautiful 4×4 cars. The white Evoque also builds the beauty and a very strong car. Range Rovers are luxury status symbols that also perform. They’re the quintessential movie villain SUV. You may not pull babes like the guy with the Defender, but if you’ve already got a woman who loves you, she’ll appreciate the smooth ride and 28 mpg on the highway — which might even leave you with a few extra bones for lift tickets after all that work getting to the slopes.

Continue reading

Good Will Hunting (1997)


Though Will Hunting (Matt Damon) has genius-level intelligence (such as a talent for memorizing facts and an intuitive ability to prove sophisticated mathematical theorems), he works as a janitor at MIT and lives alone in a sparsely furnished apartment in an impoverished South Boston neighborhood. An abused foster child, he subconsciously blames himself for his unhappy upbringing and turns this self-loathing into a form of self-sabotage in both his professional and emotional lives. Hence, he is unable to maintain either a steady job or a steady romantic relationship. In the first week of class, Will solves a difficult graduate-level math problem that Professor Gerald Lambeau (Stellan Skarsgård), a Fields Medalist and combinatorialist, left on a chalkboard as a challenge to his students, hoping someone might solve the problem by the semester’s end. Everyone at MIT wonders who solved it, and Lambeau puts another problem on the board — one that took him and his colleagues two years to prove.

The above synopsis is about the movie I just watched. This movie educate us about what our life would be? What we need for life? And what do you want to do with your life?

Some people don’t know anything deep inside their heart. But either someone told and force you about doing what you don’t like or you are affraid of doing something good for your life.

Well, this movie is reflecting our real life. Some teacher or parents want their children to be somebody else but never care about what their children need. Some child will do but others won’t. We should know about our future, where are we going? What are our passions? And with these simple questions, just answer and be honest to your life. Are you on the right track to live you life to the fullest??

“Sean: Real loss is only possible when you love something more than you love yourself.”

Good Will Hunting IMDB

The ‘Repair’ Road?


I’ve walked along the pedestrian in jakarta. It’s not so good, though it’s better not to walked in the road where cars are heavily passing by in the night.

If you’ve experienced walking in Singapore, where me enjoying walking there. The city (Singapore) is providing everything so the people would enjoy walking instead of driving.

Some pedestrian are used for people to walk, but in Jakarta, some use it for selling things called ‘Pedagang Kaki Lima’. This has made the functions of pedestrian changed and is not used as they are made for.

This also what I found when walking in Pondok Indah last month. PLN was digging to fix their own line. The dig was beneath the pedestrian and they broke it down. This made us to walk outside the pedestrian and it is dangerous. Don’t the project officer know or care about this? I don’t think so.

Self-Driven Google Car

Google once again amazed me with the video published in youtube where a modified Toyota Prius Car automatically. They are making another innovation with the implementation of software and hardware connected to a car that can drive with some sensors. They have been developing technology for cars that can drive themselves. Our automated cars, manned by trained operators, just drove from our Mountain View campus to our Santa Monica office and on to Hollywood Boulevard. They’ve driven down Lombard Street, crossed the Golden Gate bridge, navigated the Pacific Coast Highway, and even made it all the way around Lake Tahoe.

The automated cars use video cameras, radar sensors and a laser range finder to “see” other traffic, as well as detailed maps (which we collect using manually driven vehicles) to navigate the road ahead. This is all made possible by Google’s data centers, which can process the enormous amounts of information gathered by our cars when mapping their terrain.

To develop this technology, we gathered some of the very best engineers from the DARPA Challenges, a series of autonomous vehicle races organized by the U.S. Government. Chris Urmson was the technical team leader of the CMU team that won the 2007 Urban Challenge. Mike Montemerlo was the software lead for the Stanford team that won the 2005 Grand Challenge. Also on the team is Anthony Levandowski, who built the world’s first autonomous motorcycle that participated in a DARPA Grand Challenge, and who also built a modified Prius that delivered pizza without a person inside. The work of these and other engineers on the team is on display in the National Museum of American History.

I am hoping with the testing of these kind of technology will provide us a better future in reducing a car accident, pollution, fuel consumption, etc. I hope some new ‘smart car’ will help human to a better future. In mass production will reduce the cost of engineering, will it be publicly provided to us? We’ll se soon.


Source :http://googleblog.blogspot.com

Cara menghemat Bensin pada mobil Anda

Berikut tipsnya :

[*]Hindari memanaskan mesin terlalu lama sebelum berkendara. Selama mesin bekerja maka bahan bakar tetap terpakai, sehingga banyak BBM yang terbuang sia-sia.
[*]Pertahankan kecepatan kendaraan sedapat mungkin sekitar 70 ~ 80 km/jam atau RPM di bawah 3000.
[*]Hindari kecepatan tinggi yang tidak perlu. Semakin tinggi kecepatan sebanding dengan tingginya putaran mesin sehingga bahan bakar minyak yang harus dikirimpun semakin besar.
[*]Sesuaikan gigi percepatan dengan kecepatan kendaraan, gunakan gigi rendah untuk menjalankan kendaraan pertama kali.
* Contoh: Gigi 1 Kecepatan 0-20 km/jam
* Gigi 2 Kecepatan 20-40 km/jam
* Gigi 3 Kecepatan 40-60 km/jam
* Gigi 4 Kecepatan 60-90 km/jam
* Gigi 5 Kecepatan 90 ~ km/jam
[*]Lakukan akselerasi/penekanan pedal gas secara perlahan (bertahap), jangan melakukan secara tiba-tiba karena dapat mengakibatkan terjadinya penambahan bahan bakar secara berlebihan.
[*]Hindari muatan yang berlebihan. Untuk membawa beban yang besar dibutuhkan tenaga yang besar yang berarti bahan bakar yang seimbang.
[*]Matikan mesin saat kendaraan berhenti dalam waktu lama (parkir).
[*]Aktifkan penyejuk udara (AC) dengan temperatur yang tidak terlalu rendah. Hal ini akan membuat kerja kompresor tidak terlalu lama (atau matikan bila perlu).
[*]Jangan meletakkan kaki kiri pada pedal kopling saat berkendara atau berkendara dengan setengah kopling. Ini akan mengakibatkan tenaga mesin tidak sepenuhnya tersalurkan untuk menggerakkan kendaraan.
[*]Gunakan bahan bakar sesuai nilai oktan yang disarankan oleh produsen. Nilai oktan bahan bakar akan menentukan pembakaran yang sempurna, sehingga sangat berpengaruh terhadap tenaga yang dihasilkan oleh mesin.
[*]Gunakan ban dengan kembang dan tekanan angin yang tepat.

Sore throat

A sore throat is discomfort, pain, or scratchiness in the throat. A sore throat often makes it painful to swallow.
Sore throats are common. Most of the time the soreness is worse in the morning and improves as the day progresses.
Like colds, the vast majority of sore throats are caused by viral infections. This means most sore throats will NOT respond to antibiotics. Many people have a mild sore throat at the beginning of every cold. When the nose or sinuses become infected, drainage can run down the back of the throat and irritate it, especially at night. Or, the throat itself can be infected.
Some viruses can cause specific types of sore throat. For example, Coxsackievirus sometimes causes blisters in the throat, especially in the late summer and early fall. Mononucleosis and the flu can also cause specific viral throat infections.
Strep throat is the most common bacterial cause of sore throat. Because strep throat can occasionally lead to rheumatic fever, antibiotics are given. Strep throat often includes a fever (greater than 101°F), white, draining patches on the throat, and swollen or tender lymph glands in the neck. Children may have a headache and stomach pain. Continue reading

Simian Crease or Single transverse palmar crease ?

In humans, a
single transverse palmar crease is a single crease that extends across the palm of the
hand, formed by the fusion of the two palmar creases that people typically have. Because it resembles the usual condition of non-human simians, it is also known as a simian crease or simian line, although these terms have fallen out of favor due to its pejorative connotation.

A simian crease is a single line that runs across the palm of the hand. People normally have three creases in their palms.

The term “simian crease” is not used much anymore since it tends to have a negative meaning (it refers to monkey or ape). The crease is usually just refered to as a single palmar crease.


The presence of a single transverse palmar crease can be, but is not always, a symptom associated with abnormal medical conditions, such as Fetal alcohol syndrome, or with genetic chromosomal abnormalities, including Down syndrome(chromosome 21), cri du chat syndrome (chromosome 5), Noonan syndrome (chromosome 12), Patau syndrome (chromosome 13), Edward’s syndrome (chromosome 18), and Aarskog-Scott syndrome (X-linked recessive). Bilateral or unilateral single palmar creases are also associated with aberrations on chromosome 9[4]. Also sometimes found on hand of affected side of patients with Poland Syndrome.

Males are twice as likely as females to have this condition, and it tends to run in families. In its non-symptomatic form, it is more common among Asians and native Americans than among other populations, and in some families there is a tendency to inherit the condition unilaterally, that is, on one hand only


Strong lines (called palmar flexion creases) appear on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. The palm normally has three of these creases. But sometimes, the horizontal creases join together to form a single one.

Palmar creases develop while the baby is growing in the womb, usually by the 12th week ofgestation.

A single palmar crease appears in approximately 1 out of 30 people. Males are twice as likely as females to have this condition. Some palmar creases indicate problems with development and are associated with disorders like Down syndrome.